Euphorbia abdelkuri cv. Damask

Synonyms:

There are not synonyms for this plant

Habitat:

E. abdelkuri is native to Socotra where the plant grows in rocky and arid area and can reach up to 150 to 270 m of altitude in the middle of the mountain. Euphorbia abdelkuri cv. Damask has nursery origin.

Description:

E. abdelkuri cv. Damask is a severely endangered succulent belonging to the Euphorbiaceae botanical family. The plant has an erect habit, grows in clumps and can reach up to 1 m in height and 1,5 m in diameter. The columnar stem branches out in the shape of a candlestick. The stem is pinkish-reddish and is arranged in ribs made of wrinkled conical tubercles. The sap is yellow and very poisonous. The leaves are small and deciduous. The epidermis is thick, waxy and greyish and it peels easily and the colour of the new growth is brighter pinkish and it will then turn to the grey-pink colour. The flowers are small Ciathya borne at the top of the stem. Ciathya are the typical inflorescence of the Euphorbia, it is an inflorescence consisting of a cuplike cluster of modified leaves enclosing unisexual flowers. This species has small, light yellowish cyathia normally being all male on some plants, or all female on others. Because there are male plant and female plant, cross pollination is required that is normally carried out by insect.

Cultivation:

This is a slow growing plant, easy to cultivate. The plant needs a full light sun exposure but is recommended to avoid direct sun-light in the hottest periods. The plant does not like temperatures below 8°C so it needs to be placed indoors in the coldest periods. The soil should be mixed with pumice, clay and loam to allow the drainage and prevent the root rot, the plant is prone to it indeed. Remember to use a perforating pot to drain excess water. Watering can be done regularly in Spring and Summer: during the vegetative period you can water the plant (every 7 days), checking that the soil is completely dry before watering again; in winter you should stop the watering to allow the plant to enter dormancy. If you want a faster and lush growth you can fertilize the plant once a month during the growing season with the specific fertilizers for cacti; stop fertilizing throughout the winter. If the pot starts to be too small for the plant you can repot the plant in a pot 2 cm wider. Repotting should be done early in the growing season with fresh new potting soil. Be careful to red spiders and mealy bugs.

Propagation:

Propagation can be done by cutting, by grafting or by seed. By cutting you can make the cut during the spring and then let the cutting dry; after a few days the cut surface will dry and a callus will form, then place the cutting in a mixture of sand, soil and pumice. To increase the success of propagation you can make two or more cuttings at the same time. For cuttings it is recommended temperatures around 20 °C. By grafting you can use Euphorbia canariensis. Make the cut as close to the growing tip as possible, then chose a stock with a diameter similar to that of the scion. After the cut, wash away the latex until it no longer remains. Bring the scion closer to the stock and held together with elastic bands. The plants should be left in an airy and shady place for 7-10 days before the bands are removed. By seed it is very simple to propagate the plant, it is enough to sow the seed in a sandy loam soil and keep it with a high level of humidity and at temperature of 14 C°.

Curiosity:

Species of the Euphorbiacee family normally if are damaged, exude a white milky sap, called latex. Many plants produce latex, but in the Euphorbiacee this latex is often poisonous and may irritate skin. The poisonousness is due to some alkaloids so it is best to keep the plants away from children or pets.

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