Family: – Dorstenia
Habitat: – Moraceae
Cultivation: – Dorstenia needs half shadow to full shadow; water enough during the growing season (spring-summer), while during winter it should be given very little to no water.
Curiosity: – The name was given in honor of the german botanist Theodor Dorsten (1492–1552).
– KEY FEATURES
Dorstenia is a genus that tends to have a streange caudex that spread out along the base; these species usually have non-succulents green leaves. The flowers spray seeds when mature (like Dorstenia foetida).
VARIETY AND TYPES
This genus includes 150 species with very different botanical characteristics, but they all are native of northeast Africa.
- Dorstenia contrajerva
- D. crispa
- D. foetida
- D. gigas
- D. gypsophila
TIPS FOR GROWING
Dorstenia needs from bright light to half/full shade. The plants from this genus are usually small, and live in shadow of other plants.
Maintain the temperature above 15ºC, especially in winter: Dorstenia are cold-sensitive plants.
They need more water than other succulents: let the soil dry slightly between waterings, that have to be abundant during the growing season. During the winter season, when the plants are dormant, water very little.
Use a well-drained soil mix.
Each species have different needs in repotting: they generally don’t need large pots, since their roots are not very developed.
Propagation can be done by seeds or by cuttings. Many species are self-fertile. The seeds are expelled from the mature seed heads (seeds are expelled “explosively” and can populate pots in the sorrounding area).